Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Joan G. Henley
Research has suggested that emphasis on early childhood education is one of the best ways to enhance educational success for children deemed at risk. Head Start is one of the most extensive programs the federal government has ever funded and continues to fund for the education of disadvantaged children, and it was the second major federally sponsored compensatory education program (the first being Title I). Head Start is a preschool program for children from age 3 to school entry, if the child's family meets low-income guidelines and if there is a Head Start available in their community. Head Start is to provide a continuum of services for a “whole-child” approach to better prepare them for entrance into public school, including health care and family support services. As of 2005, over 21 million children have participated in a Head Start program. However, fewer than half the children from low-income families attend ...