Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Fenwick W. English
Born in Stagira, Greece, Aristotle (384–322 BC )was the son of the physician to the King of Macedonia. When he was in his late teens, he moved to Athens and joined Plato. He stayed at Plato's academy for nearly 20 years. After Plato's death, Aristotle married and became the tutor to Alexander the Great. From 335 BC to 323 BC , Aristotle again took up residence in Athens, where he wrote most of the works we honor today. When Alexander died, Aristotle fled Athens, as did others who were considered friends of the conqueror. In 1946, Bertrand Russell referred to Aristotle's philosophy as similar to Plato's mixed with common sense. Aristotle did not believe in Plato's notion of reality as a pursuit of ideal forms that were transcendent. Aristotle rejected Plato's theory of ideas ...