Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Immigration, History and Impact in Education
Xue Lan Rong
Educating immigrant children in the United States has always been a complicated and contested issue. Current trends, such as a swelling immigrant population, more ethnic diversity and the impact on schools of social and political changes begun in the 1950s, will only serve to increase these challenges. Globalization also has an impact on education in general and educating immigrant children in particular. Over the last two centuries, the United States has experienced a flood of immigration. The Hispanic population has been the fastest growing ethnic group in the United States, from less than 1 million at the turn of the nineteenth century to 37.4 million in 2002, and is now the nation's largest minority population. The Asian population in the United States has shown a similar pattern of rapid growth, from less than a quarter of a million to 12.5 million over the same period. Approximately 34 million immigrants currently ...