Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Infrastructure, of Organizations
Kieran M. Killeen
Historically, the structural elements of organizations have focused on bureaucratic or formal elements, social structures, and/or technology. While important, these should be further distinguished from the physical infrastructure of an organization. Organizational infrastructure represents the physical stock of an organization, or equipment employed in production. Infrastructure is distinguished from the labor employed in production. Education systems, for example, provide public instruction through a network of capital assets, or schools. Here the physical infrastructure necessary to produce the public instruction includes the school building, the classrooms, the spatial arrangement of classrooms, lighting, and other design elements of the school. Each is distinguished from the labor, or instructional staff. In a simple sense, organizational ...