Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Management Information Systems
Management information systems (MIS) are designed to arrange and interpret information stored in a digital format. These systems automate sorting and inquiry using computers and provide reports that are the bases for decision making by staff and officials. Schools, districts, and state education agencies are increasingly required to collect and manage large quantities of information about students, especially to meet legal reporting requirements such as those under the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. These computerized databases carry a load far greater than paper systems and allow the blending of separate data files. Advanced technology and digital communications require broad-based planning, interoperable components, training, and staffing. Ideally, the additional cost of implementation is offset by increased ability to collect and analyze data. Information management systems generally integrate data input and collection, data ...