Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Office of Economic Opportunity
Thomas A. Mayes
Part of President Lyndon Johnson's War on Poverty, the Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO) was created by the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964 (EOA). A controversial umbrella program that administered many antipoverty programs, including education programs, the OEO was abolished in 1974 during the administration of President Gerald Ford; however, many of its programs continue to serve persons with low incomes. The EOA created and funded community action agencies (CAAs), which administered OEO programs at the local level. CAAs were required to include residents with low incomes in planning and administration of OEO programs. OEO-administered education-related programs ...