Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
George W. Griffin
The psychological construct of personality affects education in a variety of significant ways, including student achievement and performance, faculty performance, and educational leadership styles and capabilities. Understanding the rudiments of personality disorders, and the inventories and profiles used to define them, provides educational leaders with the knowledge to better understand why people behave as they do. From this knowledge, one can better develop and manage successful programs and interventions for students exhibiting a variety of needs and learning preferences. The many existing theories of personality differ in causal explanations, description of behaviors, and perspective (differences vs. commonalities). Despite the number and variety of theories, some commonalities emerge: stages of development, temperament or genetic predisposition, impact and types of learning, motivational effects, impact of emotions on thinking and behavior, and a focus on conscious and unconscious processes. Many theorists describe personality in terms of individual differences. They focus on types and ...