Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Linda C. Tillman
The education of Blacks in the United States dates back to the1860s. Black educators were instrumental in building, operating, and securing funding and other needed resources for Black schools, working with the Black community, and working as advocates for the education of Black children. The educational philosophies of Black educators were generally a reflection of the importance placed on education by the Black community. Blacks attended both public and private schools, and the Black school served as the cultural symbol of the Black community. Even while the school was segregated, it was “valued” by the Black community. Numerous themes have dominated the history of Black education since emancipation. Among the most prominent themes in the history of Black education are the struggle to educate Blacks in a postslavery South, desegregation of public schooling, and the work of Black school leaders. Five common themes characterize the educational history of African Americans ...