Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
J. M. Blackbourn & Richard Ittenbach & Jennifer Fillingim
Educational research and its associated methodologies comprise a vast array of investigative methods, all of which are intended to improve the quality and delivery of educational services today. Traditionally, scientific studies have been thought of as either basic or applied. Whereas the purpose of the former has been simply to advance knowledge, the purpose of the latter has been to solve immediate, practical, or pressing problems. However, not all studies fit this simple dichotomy, particularly those in the social and biobehavioral sciences. Recently, a third term has been put forth by the scientific community to include those studies that are neither exclusively basic nor exclusively applied and that serves as a bridge between the two. These studies are referred to as translational research and have the express purpose of linking new developments in the laboratory with improvements in clinical practice and care. In the applied social sciences, like education, Within ...