Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Seniority, Rule of
Thomas A. Mayes
Under the rule of seniority, employees are granted benefits and privileges based on length of service. The rule of seniority is derived from many sources, most significantly collective-bargaining agreements and state statutes. In the field of public education, the most important benefit provided to senior employees is employment protection during periods of layoff or reduction in force. During times of layoff, an employee who has less seniority will be released before an employee with more seniority: in the common phrase, “Last hired, first fired.” Furthermore, laid-off teachers are often called back to work or rehired in order of their seniority. In addition to increased protection from layoffs, senior employees typically receive higher salaries ...