Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
American polymath, intellectual virtuoso, and Renaissance man are among the terms used to describe Herbert A. Simon (1916–2001), whose pioneering contributions to problem-solving and decision-making processes of individuals and organizations won him worldwide recognition. A professor of computer science and psychology at Carnegie Mellon University from 1949 until his death in 2001, Simon described himself as a mathematical, social, and behavioral scientist when he received the Nobel Prize for economics in 1978. Yet his interests and accomplishments spanned several fields, including political science, organizational theory, game theory, economics, public administration, cognitive psychology, and artificial intelligence. Simon, though, stayed focused on the philosophy of physics and the use of computers for simulating human cognition throughout ...