Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Trenholm, Harper Councill
Carol F. Karpinski
President of Alabama State College and Executive Secretary of the American Teachers Association, Harper Councill Trenholm (1900–1963) promoted education equity, the professional growth of teachers, and the inclusion of African Americans in the National Education Association (NEA) on equal footing. Using a professional perspective to counter the legal, economic, and social boundaries imposed by race, Trenholm valued cooperation between Black and White educators and placed a high premium on developing pride in Black history, heritage, and professional status. Assuming the presidency of the State Normal School, later Alabama State, he worked for the accreditation of Black schools using the same standards as for White schools. He strengthened the Alabama State Teachers Association, which became the largest Black teacher organization in the ...