This is a form of reflective inquiry in which a group of stakeholders systematically addresses issues, problems, and ideas that emerge from a particular community with the intention of generating genuine improvements in the quality of practice. In school settings, action research entails thoughtful consideration of educational theory and research, the analysis of the effects practice on student learning, and use of research findings to inform curriculum, instruction, and assessment. Educators cannot afford to practice their craft in an unsystematic fashion. Schooling is a highly complex, decision-driven, and action-oriented enterprise with immediate and long-standing ethical implications for individuals and society. Decisions about what and how to go about the business of schooling and teach are too often based on intuition, memories of events, anecdotal information, and casual observations. To be effective, school-based professionals must collaboratively examine and interpret the learning environment in order to make informed decisions about curriculum design, ...