Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Civics, Civic Education
Louise Anderson Allen
Various groups, such as political scientists, philosophers, and historians have long debated what civics is and what the school's responsibility is in creating citizens. Even though John Dewey's extensive work on democracy and education has not resolved the issue, scholars and practitioners alike have used his ideas and those of others to shape the dialogue and definition of democracy. They have also debated how to develop citizens who know civic norms and can use civic knowledge to willingly participate in a thoughtful examination of and conversation about the most fundamental democratic values of the common good, selfgovernment, justice, equality, diversity, openness, free inquiry, and the individual rights (life, liberty, property, pursuit of happiness). At the very least, civic education teaches the fundamental ...