Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Classroom management involves a variety of actions on the part of classroom teachers that establish structures, processes, procedures, and expectations that facilitate the teaching and learning processes by keeping students safe, emotionally physically, and intellectually. Classroom management includes discipline but takes a broader perspective. Discipline carries a connotation of reaction, whereas classroom management has a more proactive perspective. Discipline (as a subset of classroom management) remains a major concern of the public regarding school each year on the Gallup Poll. Being preventative in work with student behavior is important for the immediate environment of the classroom and for the school as a whole. A positive classroom environment enhances learning and keeps children safe. Litigation due to negligence, lack of due process, or change of placement for special needs children is less likely when classrooms are proactively managed. Classroom management has about as many definitions as it does writers on the ...