Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Charles M. Achilles & Daniel Gutmore
Although some elements of teaching “effectiveness” in classroom research may be estimated using test outcomes of students, as in other types of research, principles of validity must be followed. A framework of classroom research—processes, contexts, content—and for considering “effectiveness” aligned with the idea of content validity must be considered. A first step is to posit an operational definition of the domain or content under consideration. What are the purposes of schooling, classroom practices, and classroom research? The following criteria may be used to provide a guiding focus for determining effectiveness in classroom research: Develop student-friendly environments where the clients or students achieve positive, demonstrable outcomes in at least the A, B, C, D, Es of schooling (an Abecedarian Compact) and demonstrate these in and out of schools. In accordance with age and developmental expectations, students will achieve in: A cademics B ehavior and discipline C itizenship and participation D E ...