Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 21, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963848 | Print ISBN: 9781412916882 | Online ISBN: 9781412963848 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Terms such as measurement, evaluation , and test are sometimes used as synonyms of the term assessment. Although these terms are related to assessment, their meanings and purpose are distinctly different. Measurement may be thought of as quantifying a performance or characteristic such as score on a test, height, or weight; evaluation denotes judgments about the quality or worth of something; and a test usually means a specific instrument (paper-and-pencil test) or set of procedures to measure knowledge, abilities, or other characteristics. Assessment is a general term that is used to encompass everything a teacher does to ascertain the level at which students have mastered the subject matter, can perform certain tasks, or exhibit certain behaviors. Assessment includes the collection, analysis, and interpretation of various kinds of information useful for educational decisions. Leonard Carmichael and Bette Caldwell suggested that assessment can produce direct benefits to students, as teachers use both ...