Pub. date: 2010 | Online Pub. Date: February 22, 2010 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412957403 | Print ISBN: 9781412956642 | Online ISBN: 9781412957403| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Thomas A. Kessinger
At the end of World War II, the United States provided government payment or vouchers to returning veterans to support their college costs at the institution of their choice. Vouchers have also been used in the form of food stamps and supplemental rent payments. More recently, vouchers have been linked to school choice and therefore have been discussed and implemented in terms of payments to schools for tuition expenses by parents who favor a wider school choice for their children. In the education choice environment, a voucher is a certificate issued by a state government to enable parents to pay for a portion of their children's education at a school of their choice rather than at a public school. Vouchers constitute one of the most significant reforms to be instituted in the late 20th century, though the idea of vouchers emerged much earlier in the writings of economists and education ...