Pub. date: 2010 | Online Pub. Date: February 22, 2010 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412957403 | Print ISBN: 9781412956642 | Online ISBN: 9781412957403| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Herbert L. Steffy
Calvinism and education have been intimately linked since the 16th century because of John Calvin's love for learning and his insistence that Christian believers must have an intelligent faith. Wherever Calvinism has gone, the school has been carried along. During the years when American public schools were operated as de facto Protestant institutions, there was little conflict. As public education moved away from its Protestant Christian roots, however, various Calvinist denominations and even local congregations began their own schools so they could maintain the biblical training they believed was important. John Calvin (1509–1564) was a leading figure in the Protestant Reformation of the early 16th century. Born in France, he converted to Protestantism while at the University of Paris. Calvin's greatest contribution to the Protestant Reformation was his voluminous writing, including his most significant work, Institutes of the Christian Religion . Calvin was arguably the greatest scholar among the Reformation ...