Cardinal Principles Report
Thomas C. Hunt
The Cardinal Principles Report (CPR), also known by its more formal title, the Commission of the Reorganization of Secondary Education (CRSE), was issued by the National Education Association (NEA) in 1918. The CPR addressed secondary education in the United States and followed a prior NEA committee study, the Committee of Ten, by 25 years. The CPR is recognized in education circles as the official recognition of the comprehensive high school. It is seen as a manifestation, albeit moderate, of the social efficiency movement in education, in which the interests of the individual are to be subordinated to those of society with as little waste as possible. The influx of millions of immigrants into the United States, beginning in 1890, contributed to the push for the CPR. These immigrants, the majority of whom hailed from southern and eastern Europe (8,141,967 compared with 3,553,527 from northern and western Europe between 1891 and ...