Pub. date: 2010 | Online Pub. Date: February 22, 2010 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412957403 | Print ISBN: 9781412956642 | Online ISBN: 9781412957403| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Ronald J. Nuzzi
Catholic schools are among the oldest institutions in the United States, having always served as a consistently strong option to the dominant public school model of education. Catholic schools have existed in some form or another since the colonial period and have formed the educational experience of millions of Americans, Catholic and non-Catholic alike. Although the Catholic school system has not always looked the way it does today, it has always been an institution that attempted to engage with the modern world while also sometimes reacting strongly against it. The history of Catholic schools is often riddled with tension and controversy in both religious and political arenas, but it is also filled with a singular reforming energy that has made a steady impact on issues of educational policy, curriculum and instruction, civil rights, and religious liberty. More notably, Catholic schools have served students well, especially for those marginalized or not ...