Pub. date: 2010 | Online Pub. Date: February 22, 2010 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412957403 | Print ISBN: 9781412956642 | Online ISBN: 9781412957403 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Grace Beatrice Hopcraft
Competency-based education stems from performance-based assessment and was originally known in the United States as performance-based education. There are several definitions of competency-based education, most likely because this methodology has been applied to a diverse group of educational designs such as teacher preparation and vocational programs. Competence can be characterized as one's having the ability, knowledge, and skills to successfully perform a set task or job with the task and the criteria for success clearly defined. Directly related to competence is performance-based learning, which ensures that a competency or set of competencies is documented as being achieved by the learner. It is widely accepted that competency-based education originated from ideals within teacher preparation and education. Later, competency-based education was incorporated into elementary, high school, and vocational training. The movement known as competency-based education and training began around 40 years ago, although similar programs were developed as early as the 1920s ...