Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: November 27, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412953948 | Print ISBN: 9781412928168 | Online ISBN: 9781412953948| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Jenner, Edward (1749–1823)
Emily E. Anderson
Edward Jenner is best known as the inventor of the smallpox vaccination. Although little of the basic science of the smallpox virus or human immunity was known at the time, Jenner tested a hypothesis formulated by epidemiologic observation in a clinical trial (with an n of 1) and established its validity. His research provided the model for the next 150 years of human medical research. Jenner was born, and spent most of his career as a country doctor, in the English county of Gloucestershire. Orphaned at age 5, he was sent to boarding school at age ...