Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: November 27, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412953948 | Print ISBN: 9781412928168 | Online ISBN: 9781412953948| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Binomial variables are frequently encountered in epidemiological data, and the binomial distribution is used to model the prevalence rate and cumulative incidence rate. Binomial variables are created through repeated trials of a Bernoulli process, often called Bernoulli trials. Daniel Bernoulli (1700–1782) was the first mathematician to work out the mathematics for Bernoulli trials. Bernoulli trials must satisfy the following three conditions: 1. The experiment has two possible outcomes, labeled success (S) and failure (F). 2. The trials are independent. 3. The probability of a The ...