Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963879 | Print ISBN: 9781412926942 | Online ISBN: 9781412963879| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Native Americans, Environment and
Environmental issues are a central concern for Native North American peoples in several different ways that intertwine with what some have called a history of colonialist racism and genocide. These include the dispossession of land, the degradation of indigenous space, and the marginalization of Native American lifeways, which, it has been argued, are more sustainable than those of modern industrial and expansionist nation-states. Despite the great cultural diversity of Indigenous Peoples in the Americas and around the world who have faced similar experiences, a sustained global indigenous movement has emerged that emphasizes cultural survival and resistance to imperial history, learning, language, religion, and trade. Much of this resistance is embodied in guarding living ecologies where tribes have specific and ancestral bonds. The indigenous people of the Americas have always encompassed a diverse set of cultures and societies, perhaps best understood as distinct tribes organized through kinship rules and institutions. Indeed, ...