Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963879 | Print ISBN: 9781412926942 | Online ISBN: 9781412963879| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
C. Centae Richards
Nigeria is a country in West Africa with an estimated 2007 population of 144.4 million people. It is bordered by Benin on the east; Cameroon on the west; Chad and Niger to the north; and the Gulf of Guinea, the Bight of Benin, and the Bight of Biafra to the south. The country consists of thirty-six states and one capital district. The River Niger, the continent's third largest river, runs within Nigeria for almost 1,000 miles, terminating in an oil-rich delta providing about 40% of the country's gross domestic product. Nigeria is rich in natural resources, such as granite, salt, copper, and zinc, and roughly one-quarter of the current African population resides within its borders. This entry looks briefly at the history of Nigeria. The people of Nigeria share an extensive history that can be traced back to as early as 12,000 BC, as shown by relics of the Stone ...