Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963879 | Print ISBN: 9781412926942 | Online ISBN: 9781412963879| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Jennifer M. Klein
Romanian Americans are the immigrants and their descendants from Romania, a country of 21.6 million, by 2007 estimates. According to the 2000 census, there were 135,965 people born in Romania residing in the United States, of whom 58.6% were citizens. This entry will look at the background of immigration from Romania to the United States and the contemporary picture of Romanian Americans. Little documentation of Romanian immigrants existed before 1870, although there is a record of some taking part in the California Gold Rush and fighting in the Civil War. The first significant wave of Romanian immigration occurred between 1895 and 1920, bringing an estimated 145,000 Romanians to the United States. However, early census figures were misleading and inaccurate because people from adjacent countries were included in those figures. The diverse ethnic and religious groups of Romania ...