Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: January 26, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412964517 | Print ISBN: 9781412909167 | Online ISBN: 9781412964517| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Hirschfeld, Magnus (1868-1935)
Aleksandra Djajic Horvath
Born in 1868 to Jewish parents in Kolberg, a Prussian town on the Baltic coast, Magnus Hirschfeld became an important theorist of sexuality and the most prominent advocate of homosexual emancipation at the beginning of the 20th century. He first studied modern languages and then medicine, obtaning his degree in 1892. His sexology research was empirically and activist directed, permeated by the belief that the sexuality ideology of Judeo-Christian civilization was a serious obstacle to the understanding of sexuality and to the reform of laws and practices that regulated it. In 1897, Hirschfeld established, together with Max Spohr, Franz Josef von Biilow, and Eduard Oberg, the Scientific Humanitarian Committee, the ...