Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: January 26, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412964517 | Print ISBN: 9781412909167 | Online ISBN: 9781412964517| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Sylvanna M. Falcon
Intersectionality is a framework meant to describe a person or a social problem holistically. Originating from the experiences of women of color who were often pigeonholed by race or gender, or as experiencing racism or sexism, but never both, intersectionality is directed at the gaps in academic literature, law, research, and activism. In short, intersectionality provides fuller and more complex understandings of people's multiple identities and of experiences with racism, sexism, classism, heterosexism, and other forms of discrimination. Women of color criticized feminist and civil rights movements from the 1960s and 1970s for not dealing with race and gender issues, respectively. Women of color activists from this era were often forced to pick sides between feminist and civil rights struggles. Making the choice was difficult for women of color because their experiences were not just based on race or gender, but on race and gender. Frustrated with white feminists All ...