Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 21, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963855 | Print ISBN: 9781412941860 | Online ISBN: 9781412963855| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Radiology is a branch of medicine whereby radiologists use medical imaging technologies to diagnose and sometimes treat particular diseases. Originally, it was largely connected with the use of X-ray machines and similar devices to photograph parts of people to assist doctors in diagnosis, but is not the radiology involving a wider range of machines and imaging devices. Radiology began after a German professor of physics, Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, discovered X-rays in his laboratory in the University of Würzburg on November 8, 1895. Within several months of this medical breakthrough, there were attempts to produce film of moving objects in hope that radiology might be able to depict function. However, this led to technical difficulties because of the very much higher doses of radiation required for moving film, preventing this technique from being developed. However, the X-rays provided such a breakthrough in medical technology that within 10 years, radiology was being ...