Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 21, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963855 | Print ISBN: 9781412941860 | Online ISBN: 9781412963855| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Elizabeth R. Purdy
Disease prevention is essential in preserving lives, maintaining quality of life, and mitigating the enormous financial burden associated with unhealthy populations. Around the world, the leading causes of death are largely preventable by making alterations in lifestyles and practicing basic safety measures that prevent the spread of infectious diseases and help to forestall accidents. In developed countries, the leading causes of death are ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lower respiratory infections, trachea, bronchus, and lung cancers, vehicular accidents, stomach cancer, hypertensive heart disease, tuberculosis, and suicide. While the developing world shares some of the affects of lifestyle-related diseases, they also have unique vulnerabilities to diseases that are generally under control in the developed world. The leading causes of death in developing countries are HIV/AIDS, lower respiratory infections, ischemic heart disease, diarrheal disease, cerebrovascular disease, childhood diseases, malaria, tuberculosis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and measles. At the ...