Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 21, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963855 | Print ISBN: 9781412941860 | Online ISBN: 9781412963855| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Failure to Thrive
Failure to thrive is a term traditionally associated with pediatrics, describing a weight gain and physical growth delay that can impair a child's development and maturation. The term has been borrowed into geriatric literature to describe a situation where elderly people fail to maintain functional and nutritional status disproportionally to their health conditions. Children are said to fail to thrive when presenting with clear underweight or failing to gain weight without an obvious reason. Different medical, psychological, environmental, and social factors are known that can impair normal growth in children. Medical disorders, notably but not exclusively affecting the digestory tract, may affect food intake, retention, digestion, or absorption. Parental abuse may impair a child's appetite and different environmental and social factors ...