Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 21, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963855 | Print ISBN: 9781412941860 | Online ISBN: 9781412963855 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Marx, Gertie (1912–2004)
Gertie Marx was a German-born American physician, known as the mother of obstetric anesthesia for her contribution to developing obstetric anesthesiology as a specialty. She pioneered the use of epidural injections to ease women's pain during childbirth. She invented an epidural needle that was named after her, and she founded and edited the journal Obstetric Anesthesia Digest . In spite of fierce opposition from the most conservative social and religious quarters, Marx succeeded in transforming obstetric anesthesia. Marx was born in 1912 in Frankfurt, Germany, where ...