Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963893 | Print ISBN: 9781412958783 | Online ISBN: 9781412963893| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Department of Defense, U.S.
THE U.S. DEPARTMENT of Defense (DOD) is the largest employing organization in the country. It serves in the management and organization the United States Armed Forces and actively works to maintain environmental responsibility while fostering global security. In the United States, the Department of Defense also manages its lands that are federally-owned. As of the mid-1990s, 39,063 sq. mi. (101,173 sq. km.) of U.S. land were owned by the military and, therefore, the Department of Defense. In an effort to protect the environment, the Department of Defense began cutting back its energy usage in the mid-1980s. Furthermore, it actively reduced the amount of greenhouse gases emitted due to Department activities, in recognition that greenhouse gases have an impact on climate change. The Department of Defense also assisted with research to develop safe alternatives for ozone-depleting chemicals, such as halon. Additionally, by the mid-1990s the DOD had achieved and passed the ...