Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963893 | Print ISBN: 9781412958783 | Online ISBN: 9781412963893 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
ARIZONA HAS AN area of 113,998 sq. mi. (295,252 sq. km.), with inland water comprising 364 sq. mi. (942.8 sq. km.). The state's average elevation is 4,100 ft. (1,250 m.) above sea level, with a range in elevation from 70 ft. (21 m.) above sea level on the Colorado River to 12,633 ft. (3,850 m.) on Humphrey's Peak. The state has a variety of elevation regions, with the high plateau in the northeast with elevations of 5,000–7,000 ft. (1,524–2,134 m.), a mountainous region running in a diagonal from the southeast to the northwest ranges from 9,000 to 12,000 ft. (2,743–3,656 m.), and in the southwest the land is primarily made up of desert interspersed with low mountains. The climate is dependent on the elevation, with warm summers and mild winters, except in the high plateau, which has cool summers and cold winters. The air is generally dry and clear with ...