Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963893 | Print ISBN: 9781412958783 | Online ISBN: 9781412963893 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
PAKISTAN, IN SOUTHERN Asia, is situated on the Arabian Sea. Pakistan shares borders with Afghanistan (to the north and northwest), Jammu and Kashmir (to the northeast), India (to the east and southeast) (796,095 sq. km.) and Iran (to the west). Pakistan has an area of 307,374 sq. mi., and supports a population of approximately 150 million. Pakistan's topography is varied, with mountains to the north and west, and includes four regions: northern plateau, Baluchistan plateau, southeast desert, and Indus plain. The Indus River, the major river in Pakistan, divides the southern part. Only 5 percent of Pakistan's land has forests, although trees are an essential resource for rural communities and wildlife. Extensive logging in northern areas has Pakistan's ...