Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963893 | Print ISBN: 9781412958783 | Online ISBN: 9781412963893| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Robert Karl Koslowsky
TEN BILLION METRIC tons of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases are spewed into the atmosphere each year by the fossil fuel-hungry transportation sector. Over the typical 124,000-mile lifespan of an automobile, the Toyota Prius will emit 32 tons of carbon dioxide from its tailpipe versus a Ford Excursion spewing 134 tons. The type of transportation employed has a major impact on the amount of carbon dioxide and pollutants produced. People can choose their mode of transportation and whether or not to be a part of a growing community that wants to reduce the effects of global warming by cutting back on tailpipe emissions. The internal combustion engine (ICE) is a poor choice of power source. It dissipates 80 percent of its energy as heat, even before it reaches the vehicle's rear axle. Two major approaches to reduce the threat of global warming have emerged in the automobile industry. The ...