Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963893 | Print ISBN: 9781412958783 | Online ISBN: 9781412963893| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
TENNESSEE IS 42,143 sq. mi. (109,150 km.) in size with inland water making up 926 sq. mi. (2,398 sq. km.) Tennessee's average elevation is 900 ft. (274 m.) above sea level, with a range in elevation from 178 ft. above sea level on the Mississippi River to 6,643 ft. (2,025 m.) at Clingman's Dome. The variety of topographic features includes mountains, forested ridges, cultivated valleys, rugged plateau with valleys cut by streams, and the Highland Rim (an upland plain surrounds the Nashville Basin, and the Tennessee River separates the Highland Rim from the relatively flat coastal plain in the western part of Tennessee that extends almost to the low-lying area on the Mississippi River, which forms Tennessee's western border). The major rivers are the Mississippi, the Tennessee River, and the Cumberland River, along with many tributaries. Natural lakes and reservoirs store water. Tennessee has hot summers, mild winters, and abundant ...