Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963893 | Print ISBN: 9781412958783 | Online ISBN: 9781412963893 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
THE UNITED KINGDOM of Great Britain and Northern Ireland has a land area of 94,526 sq. mi. (244,100 sq. km.), with a population of 60,587,300 (July 2006) and a population density of 637 people per sq. mi. (246 people per sq. km.). London, the capital and the 16th largest city in the world, has a population density of 11,927 per sq. mi. (4,597 per sq. km.). Some 25 percent of the land of the United Kingdom is devoted to agriculture, with a further 46 percent used for meadow or pasture, and 10 percent of the land being forested. Traditionally, most of the electricity generation in the United Kingdom has come from coal, which has been mined in parts of Scotland, Yorkshire, Nottinghamshire, and South Wales. The continued use of coal, and also of oil, Britain having made use of the North Sea oil fields since the 1970s, has meant that ...