Pub. date: 2007 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952613 | Print ISBN: 9781412905794 | Online ISBN: 9781412952613| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
In the broadest and simplest practical terms, a peace process can be understood as an effort made by interested parties to achieve a lasting solution to a conflict. In stronger moral terms, it is an undertaking made to replace the psychologically and socially debilitating effects of destructive, bloody, human interaction with the creative benefits of all that civilized behavior has to offer. But what is peace, what are the necessary elements of such a process, who are the interested parties, and what must they do to achieve a lasting solution? If peace is understood as merely an absence of war, then a military or security solution may be all that is required to implement a peace process. In this most narrow definition of peace, a tyrant could undertake a peace process by imposing his or her will on a society through repressive and draconian measures. Although security measures may be ...