Pub. date: 2007 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412952613 | Print ISBN: 9781412905794 | Online ISBN: 9781412952613| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
World Health Organization
The World Health Organization (WHO) is an agency of the United Nations (UN) that funds and organizes programs to promote human health worldwide. WHO's primary roles concern eradicating disease (especially infectious diseases and epidemics), using nutrition and medicine to increase health, and aiding developing nations to improve the physical welfare of their citizens. The main goal of WHO is to ensure that all human beings have access to quality health care of every variety, whether it is provided by WHO itself or by other health organizations and practitioners, and where health includes social and mental as well as physical well-being. WHO was established in 1948 largely on the model of the Health Organization, an agency of the League of Nations. The chief decision-making body of WHO is the World Health Assembly which meets ...