Pub. date: 2011 | Online Pub. Date: May 04, 2010 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412973816 | Print ISBN: 9781412996822 | Online ISBN: 9781412973816| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Bus Rapid Transit
Leonard Machler & Aaron Golub
Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) refers to the adaptation of rubber-tired road buses to serve rapid transit purposes within metropolitan areas. In many ways, the kind of transportation service offered by BRT systems is analogous to traditional rail rapid transit systems, such as metros (subways) or light rail, because they are designed to operate at higher frequencies and generally serve fewer stops, spaced farther apart from one another, than bus stops in a regular city bus service. The first comprehensive BRT system was implemented in Curitiba, Brazil, for its cost advantages and the operational flexibility it offered over rail systems. As a result of the success of the system in Curitiba, BRT has been growing in popularity around the globe, in both the developing and developed worlds, where cities are increasingly faced with limited resources for providing transportation services. Similar to rail rapid transit systems, BRT is designed to transport larger ...