Pub. date: 2011 | Online Pub. Date: May 04, 2010 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412973816 | Print ISBN: 9781412996822 | Online ISBN: 9781412973816| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Caroline Man Yee Law
Green landscaping is an emerging landscape design approach that, in contrast with conventional landscaping, focuses on environmentally-friendly principles. Conventional landscaping represents any alteration of visible features of land, in various scales, and with different management concerns; for example, daily gardening work for a homeowners’ backyard, a poolside garden in a holiday resort, or an urban park in a downtown area with ornamental and recreational facilities. Landscaping has traditionally been designed to enhance the visual beauty of the surroundings from a human's point of view. However, some conventional landscaping, gardening routines, or practices posing heavy resource demand impair ecosystems or have other negative effects. Principles of green landscaping can be concluded from perspectives of design and maintenance. They include the following: Traditional landscaping is conducive to environmental degradation, including greenhouse gas and volatile organic compound emissions by lawn and garden equipment, water pollution by fertilizers and pesticides, increased chance for flooding ...