Pub. date: 2011 | Online Pub. Date: October 04, 2011 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412994163 | Print ISBN: 9781412959636 | Online ISBN: 9781412994163| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
The basic objective of data visualization is to provide an efficient graphical display for summarizing and reasoning about quantitative information. Data visualization should be distinguished from other types of visualization used in political science (more general information and knowledge visualization, concept visualization, strategy and work flow visualization, metaphor visualization, etc.) as it is more specific to the representation of quantitative data existing in the form of numerical tables. In the following sections, the different types and methods of data visualization and their application in political science are presented. During the past decades, political science has accumulated a large corpus of various kinds of data such as comprehensive fact books and atlases, characterizing all or most of existing states by multiple and objectively assessed numerical indicators within certain time periods (e.g., OECD Factbook and Political Atlas of the Modern World ). As a consequence, there exists a tendency for political science ...