Pub. date: 2011 | Online Pub. Date: October 04, 2011 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412994163 | Print ISBN: 9781412959636 | Online ISBN: 9781412994163| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
The term Stalinism in its proper sense denotes the essence of a specific social system that emerged in the Soviet Union in the late 1920s under the leadership of Premier Joseph Stalin. The term is also used to refer to (a) a specific way of behavior and thinking dominant in Soviet politics from the late 1920s to the mid-1950s or influenced by and similar to it, (b) a corresponding ideology or class of ideologies justifying Stalin's policies, or (c) constitutional arrangements and institutional designs typical of or similar to those developed under Stalin's leadership. One of the first, if not the first, documented usage of the word Stalinism appeared in an article by Karl Radek published in December 1934 in Pravda , where he introduced the expression Marxism–Leninism–Stalinism . This initiative was short-lived. Neither Stalin himself nor party ideologists used the word, preferring Marxism–Leninism as the title of their ideology ...