Pub. date: 2011 | Online Pub. Date: October 04, 2011 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412994163 | Print ISBN: 9781412959636 | Online ISBN: 9781412994163| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
The English word statism and its equivalents in other languages denote an idea of the supremacy of the state and the corresponding principles, ideologies, policies, institutions, and even specific instances of state intervention in personal, social, or economic matters. As a vague and contested term, l'étatisme emerged in France and then spread throughout Europe in the late 19th or early 20th century, either as a transliteration (German Etatismus , Polish etatyzm , and Swedish etatism ) or in the form of a calque (Italian statalismo , Spanish estatismo , Portuguese estadismo , Turkish Devletçilik , and Finnish Valtiojohtoisuu ), or as both transliteration and calque (Russian ; English etatism, statism; and Dutch etatisme, statisme ). Later, there emerged transliterations of the English term (e.g., Lithuanian statizmas ). The idea of the supremacy of state emerged much earlier then the term l'étatisme . Soon after Niccolò Machiavelli and Francesco Guicciardini coined ...