Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: December 16, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412972048 | Print ISBN: 9780761929574 | Online ISBN: 9781412972048| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Located in the center of the European continent, Germany is the largest state west of Russia on the continent in terms of population and economic strength. As of 2007, about 82.3 million people live in Germany in 39 million households, of which 98 percent have at least one television set. About 9 percent of the population are foreign or have roots outside of Germany. The common language is German and, together with Austria and the German-speaking part of Switzerland, about 100 million people make up a German-language area, constituting a rather large media market. Germany has a long history of journalism. After a phase of sporadic nonprofessional dissemination of news until the middle of the 1600s, a sort of correspondence journalism developed until the middle of the 1700s, while a mixture of writers and opinion-arguing journalists was predominant until the mid-1800s. Since then, the modern appearance of journalists as part ...