Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: December 16, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412972048 | Print ISBN: 9780761929574 | Online ISBN: 9781412972048 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Graphics, also referred to as infographics, are visual elements used to explain information (as in a news story) in a way that text, photos, or video alone would not be able to do. Graphics present information in a more concise, succinct way. In 2001, Edward Tufte, an authority on graphics history, estimated that between 900 billion and 2 trillion graphics were printed worldwide annually. With the launch of USA Today in 1981 and the development of the Internet after 1995, graphics have become a vital part of news presentation. Graphics should be easy to understand. The best graphics do not call attention to themselves, but rather become an integral part of the story they support. Those looking at a graphic should not worry about how it was put together, but focus on the information it provides. While some interpret graphics in print media to include photographs, most media organizations make ...