History of Journalism: 1861–1930
Anthony R. Fellow
Between the Civil War and those years marking the height of the Great Depression, every aspect of American life, including its news media, were transformed by dramatic change. From a nation loosely tied by slow travel, magazines, and newspapers, the country by the 1920s had developed telephones, globe-circling news agencies, radio broadcasting, and rapid urban transit as well as long-distance rail lines. Between the Civil War and the turn of the century, every aspect of American life, including its media, was transformed. Continuing trends of urbanization and industrialization were at the center of this transformation. In 1850, the country was largely rural, no cities had achieved a population of a million, and only two, New York and Philadelphia, had more than half a million. As a result of the Civil War (1861–65) and postwar industrialization, however, populations began to cluster in a growing number of cities. Starting in the 1890s, ...