Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: December 16, 2009 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412972048 | Print ISBN: 9780761929574 | Online ISBN: 9781412972048| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Houston, the largest city in Texas and the fourth largest in the United States, was incorporated in 1837. The city's future was assured when oil was discovered at nearby Spindletop in 1901; dredging of Houston's deepwater port was completed in 1914; and air-conditioning came to the Gulf Coast in the 1950s. The petrochemical industry is still strong in Houston, but today's economy includes aerospace, medical, biotechnology, technology, and transportation industries. Houston was served for more than a century by two dailies, the Post and the Chronicle , although several dailies, most notably Scripps Howard's colorful and feisty Press , came and went. The Press stopped publishing in 1964, when its assets were acquired by the Chronicle . The Post was published from 1880 to 1883, and then reappeared in 1885. It was purchased by William P. Hobby in 1939 and became the only Houston newspaper to win a Pulitzer Sun ...